Article Correction, Retraction, and Withdrawal

Correction Policy

Each article released by IJNHS, whether in print or online, represents the Version of Record (VoR): the ultimate, authoritative, and referenceable version in the academic literature

The VoR encompasses the following:

1. The work, after undergoing peer review, has been amended and accepted. It is now in its final version,       which includes the abstract, text, references, bibliography, as well as all related tables, graphics, and           statistics.
2. Additional resources.

By acknowledging a published piece as a finalised Version of Record, it is understood that it may be trusted as being accurate, comprehensive, and suitable for citation. Whenever feasible, we strive to uphold the integrity of the Version of Record in accordance with the principles set by the STM Association.

Occasionally, it may be required to modify the Version of Record of an article after its publication. The Editors will carefully review the necessary adjustments in accordance with recommendations from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) before completing this task.

International Journal of Nursing and Health Services (IJNHS) adheres to the following protocol for making revisions to their peer-reviewed work in both print and online formats.

Amendments that are suitable for publishing and have an impact on the publication record or the scientific accuracy of published information are assigned a DOI and are published both in print and online in the journal. There are four sorts of changes that are applicable to peer-reviewed material: Erratum or Publisher Correction, Corrigendum or Author Correction, Retraction or Addendum. All four sorts of corrections are linked in both directions to the original published paper. Below, you will find comprehensive information on each category of amendment.

1. Erratum or Publisher Correction

Notification of a significant error made by the journal that impacts the publishing record, scientific integrity of the manuscript, or the reputation of the authors or the journal. IJNHS differentiates between significant and small errors. Erratum defines serious errors or omissions as revisions that affect the interpretation of the article, while maintaining the scholarly integrity of the text.

* Each significant inaccuracy is accompanied by an individual erratum. The erratum should include explicit information regarding the error and the modifications made to the Version of Record. In light of these conditions, IJNHS will:
- Revise the web article.
- Create a distinct erratum that is electronically connected to the revised version.
- Include a footnote in the article that presents the electronic hyperlink to the erratum.
- Implement pagination and provide access to the erratum in the online edition of the journal.
* Any insignificant errors will not be accompanied by an individual erratum. Instead, a footnote will be appended to the article, explicitly informing the reader of the correction made to the article. Insignificant errors have no effect on the dependability or comprehension of the scholastic content.

Minor errors include:

a. Minor modifications to the layout have been made to address any issues or inconsistencies.
b. Typographical errors or grammatical problems found in the main text of the document that do not impact the sentence's content or meaning. However, if the error involves a numerical value, it is typically necessary to create a new erratum or corrigendum, as this alteration can significantly impact the intended meaning. If there is a typographical error in the title, it is necessary to have a separate erratum or corrigendum.
c.  We make minor adjustments to references as long as the reference remains fundamentally unchanged. However, we often do not repair broken links to other websites, as it is predicted that these links will become inactive over time due to linkrot.
d.  Modifying the metadata in the PDF file is possible without altering the metadata in the system. For instance, if the PDF file of the article lacks the correspondence address or the complete address of each author's affiliation (which may only be available in the HTML version of the website), it can be altered. Modifying metadata in the system necessitates the use of either a distinct erratum or a                   corrigendum.

2. Corrigendum or Author Correction

Notice of a significant error committed by the author(s) that impacts the publishing record, scientific integrity of the manuscript, or the reputation of the authors or the journal.

During the process of copyediting and proofreading, authors are provided with multiple opportunity          to  review and give their approval for the text before to its publication. Except for the few listed                    instances, it is not feasible to make any modifications to the article once it has been published, unless        a corrigendum is made, which may result in charges for the author.

There are four distinct possibilities or outcomes:

a. The error occurred subsequent to the final proofreading stage (or the authors notified us of this during proofreading and we neglected to rectify it). Since the obligation lies with the publishers, we shall submit a corrigendum on behalf of the writers. They do not incur any expenses.

b. The error refers to either a modification or correction made to the initial submission, or an addition piece of information added to the original submission. Alternatively, the error could have been there in the proofs but was not corrected by the authors at that time

c. We believe that the inaccuracy you have noticed is not significant and does not necessitate any action or repair.

d. The error is a negligible alteration in the layout and can be rectified without issuing a corrigendum.

3. Retraction

Notice of erroneous findings that undermine the credibility of a previously disseminated research  paper. The original article has been retracted, but it is still accessible to readers. The retraction statement, which informs readers that the published study is invalid, is linked to the original published manuscript in both directions  

4. Addendum

Notice of more details regarding a document. Addenda are released by the editors when they      determine that the addendum is essential for the reader to comprehend a significant portion of the published contribution. Addenda encompass the Editorial Expression of Concern, which is an editorial declaration that notifies our readership about significant concerns regarding the published text. Editorial Expressions of Concern are commonly supplemented with additional amendments when fresh information becomes available


Withdraw Policy

Certain writers may request the withdrawal of their work from the publication process subsequent to its submission. Retracting articles from publication results in the squandering of important resources and the significant amount of labour invested by editors, reviewers, and the editorial staff in processing the submissions.

By submitting an article to IJNHS, it is understood that the work has not been published or submitted elsewhere. Consequently, the journal strongly discourages the unethical practice of withdrawing an article from the publication process after submission. Upon submission of the article, the author confers complete publishing rights to the editorial board, who possess the exclusive authority to determine article withdrawals.

In order to initiate a legitimate withdrawal, the corresponding author must submit a request that is signed by all co-authors, providing a detailed explanation for the decision to remove the work. The editorial board will review the request and only valid and substantial grounds will be taken into consideration, if feasible. The verdict of the editorial board will be ultimate and non-negotiable. If an author asks to remove their manuscript within 3 days of submission, they may do so without incurring any withdrawal charge. However, if the author chooses to withdraw the manuscript after it has been reviewed and accepted, they will be required to pay a withdrawal fee of $30.