The Effectiveness of Digital Storytelling on Self-Management of Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Systematic Review


  • Andi Sulfikar Andi Sulfikar Hasanuddin University
  • Rini Rachmawaty
  • Kusrini Kadar



Keyword: Digital storytelling, Self-Management, Diabetes mellitus


The global prevalence of diabetes in adults has increased over the last few decades. This study aimed to identify and analyze scientific evidence on the effectiveness of digital storytelling on the self-management of diabetes mellitus patients. Method: This systematic review is based on the PRISMA checklist. Literature search via PubMed, Google Scholar, DOAJ, ScienceDirect, Cochrane, and Wiley. Structured research questions used the PICO electronic method (patient, intervention, comparison, and outcome). There are three different models of digital storytelling intervention, namely, using videos, slide shows, and photovoice. From a total of 581 respondents who were studied, the most frequently used digital storytelling content was diabetes self-management such as drug management, glucose self-monitoring, physical activity, and nutrition. The effects of digital storytelling found were a description of the patient's experience after being given digital storytelling intervention. The impact of digital storytelling on cognitive, affective, patient skills related to their illness, the effect of digital storytelling on psychological aspects (self-efficacy, self-confidence, self-awareness, and motivation), to storytelling. An alternative educational strategy for patient groups who have low health literacy and older age groups. Conclusion: There are three models for implementing digital storytelling intervention, namely digital storytelling using video, digital storytelling using slide shows, and digital storytelling using the photovoice technique with Instagram modification. For this reason, Further research Needs to examine the digital storytelling intervention found in this review for self-management of DM patients.


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