A Social-Ecological Approach to Determine Barriers of DMSM Practice For Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A literature review
Diabetes mellitus is one of the global problems the world. Since the complexity of the patient’s tasks is required in the diabetes care, the consistency to engage this various health behavior for addressing the glycemic control target is difficult to achieve. Failure management may reflect by patient, family, inadequate intervention strategies by health care provider as well as organization factor. Three databases used such as PubMed, MIDLINE, and CINAHL to address patient’s barriers, family’s barriers, and provider’s barriers as well as organization barriers for diabetes management. Patient’s attitudes and belief, knowledge, culture, and ethnicity, self-efficacy, financial resources and economic status, lack of Social Support Perceived, and lack of time may influence the diabetes self-management. Family factors lead to patients’ diabetes self-management such as lack of knowledge and skill to support patients in diabetes management and quality of the relationship between patients-family. Health care providers factors included beliefs, attitudes, knowledge and skill and patient–family-provider interaction and communication. Other factors lead to diabetes self-management and health care provider performance to provide the intervention from organization level such as integrated health system sufficiency health insurance to support resources. A deeper understanding of the barriers in diabetes management is necessary to improve the diabetes care and quality of health care services for patients with diabetes. Further research needs to consider these barriers before designing the effective, sensitive interventions and problem solving for diabetes care
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